Folklore consists of legends, music, oral history/traditions, proverbs, popular beliefs, fairy tales, and customs that are the traditions of a culture, subculture, or group. It is also the set of practies through which these things are shared.
The word Folklore was first used by the english antiquarian William Thoms in a letter published in the London Journal "The Athenaeum" in 1846. In its usage there is a continuum between folklore and mythology that brings the history of a country place or person to life to the common man. It thru its many areas of study ( artifact, oral tradition, culture, and ritual) allows those of us far removed from the past to better understand how people viewed things in the long ago annals of history.